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Prostate Cancer - A Quick Overview

by: Amy Otis, RN

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a group of malignant cancerous cells, or in other words a tumor that begins most often in the outer areas of the prostate. Excluding skin cancer, prostrate cancer is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in American men.

Prostate cancer is highly treatable when it is diagnosed and caught early. So, it's important that you consult your physician or urologist after any signs that might make you suspect you have prostate cancer.

Usually there are no early signs or symptoms of prostate cancer. However, when the tumor grows, it may spread from the prostate to surrounding areas. At this point the person will start to notice symptoms. Some such symptoms include the following:

 Frequent urination (especially at night)
  Weak urinary stream
 Inability to urinate
  Interruption of urinary stream (stopping and starting)
  Pain or burning on urination
 Blood in the urine
 Pain in lower back, pelvis or upper thighs

Preventing the testicles from producing testosterone may relieve many of the above symptoms. The extent of the following treatments and the chance of success depend upon the seriousness (stage) of the cancer, what type you have, your age, and the your general health before the cancer.

The major treatment options for prostate cancer include:

 Hormonal therapy
 Radiation Treatments
 Watchful waiting (Observation)

The specific options selected for treatment will depend on several factors including the man’s age, the stage of the disease, and the advice of the urologist and physician. Don’t hesitate to ask your doctor or your urologist if you have any questions concerning your treatment!

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